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Project Implementation Approach



Implementation through Project Coordination Unit PCU under Ministry of Energy and Water has six regional offices throughout the country with Technical assistant of FAO.

Project Development Objectives



• To improve access to irrigation in targeted areas
• Strengthen the capacity to plan and manage dams more safely
• To plan and implement water resources management and development at the basin-level and nationally

Introduction


01Background

The Government of Afghanistan (GoA) through the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) is implementing the Irrigation Restoration and Development Project (IRDP) with assistance from the World Bank (WB). The initial cost of IRDP was 148.7 million USD. The project became effective on June 15, 2011, and the current closing date is December 31, 2017. Due to its successful implementation, World Bank and ARTF decided that IRDP will be restructured with the additional financing of US$70 million in June 2016 with an extension of the closing date to December 31, 2019. Accordingly, the IRDP is nationwide large project across the entire country of Afghanistan and implementing through Project Coordination Unit (PCU) with the Technical Assistant of FAO.

02Background and Rationale for Additional Financing

IRDP was approved on April 28, 2011 in the amount of US$148.7 million, with an IDA loan of US$97.8 million (IDA-H6810), an ARTF grant of US$48.4 million (TF-12029), and recipient contribution of US$2.5 million. The project became effective on June 15, 2011 and the current closing date is December 31, 2017. The current project development objective (PDO) is to increase agriculture production and productivity in the project areas. The project comprises four components:
(a) rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructure (Component A, US$70 million);
(b) small dam development (Component B, US$31.3 million);
(c) establishment of hydro-meteorological facilities and services (Component C, US$8.2 million);
and (d) technical assistance, institutional strengthening and project management (Component D, US$39.2 million). The project is implemented by the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW).

Implementation Progress



Likelihood of achieving the PDO and implementation progress are rated moderately satisfactory. The following is a summary of the progress in the implementation of each component:



01Component A: Rehabilitation of Irrigation Systems

Implementation of this component is rated moderately satisfactory, with good physical progress and tangible impact. A total of 118 irrigation schemes (about 120,000 hectares of irrigation command area) have been rehabilitated, benefiting more than 200,000 households. However, it is very likely that the original target of rehabilitating 300,000 hectares will not be achieved without additional financing, as the current average cost of rehabilitation is about US$400 per hectare, and will increase up to US$600 per hectare in the future, which is significantly higher than the estimate at appraisal (US$200 per hectare). This is because of
(a) an increase in security-related costs in light of worsening security risks;
(b) increase in the cost of construction materials and labor;
(c) required enhancements in technical standards needed to increase flood resilience ),
and (d) outreach for the more remote areas to address food and job security.

02Component B: Small Dam Development is rated moderately unsatisfactory

The original project intended to complete the construction of at least three 25-35 meter high dams. However, economic analysis of these dams at the feasibility study stage conducted during project implementation indicated that to optimize benefits, the heights of these dams would need to be increased to 60-65 meters. This increase in dam height will significantly increase environmental and social impacts and will require rigorous environmental and social impact assessment. Further, access to the dam sites by works contractors is seriously hampered due to the worsening security conditions. Consequently, dam construction is no longer feasible within the current project time frame and only the preparatory work for dams (feasibility studies, environmental and social impact assessment) can be completed under the proposed extended period of implementation. This will however not affect the implementation of other components.

03Component C: Establishment of Hydro-Meteorological Facilities and Services

is rated satisfactory, with good progress and substantial outputs. Twenty two hydrological stations have been established and the establishment of 20 stations has been planned, while the remaining 27 stations are not accessible due to the prevailing security conditions. This component has also installed 56 snow gauges and meteorological stations with telemetry (against a target of 55) and 40 cableway stations for flow measurement at selected hydrology stations, and has started producing an annual Hydrology Book. Coordination with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)-financed Hydromet Capacity Building Project to help increase technical capacity to analyze the hydromet data is also progressing satisfactorily but is highly dependent on improvements in the security situation to be completed as per the current closing date.

04Component D: Project Management and Capacity Building

is rated moderately satisfactory. While implementation has been smooth in general, the scope of the component needs to be broadened to support not only narrowly-defined project implementation, but also institutional strengthening for the MEW to be able to address emerging policy, institutional, and technical issues in the broad WRM. In this sense, it is necessary to:
(a) shift the focus of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) technical assistance from project implementation to technical support;
and (b) strategize capacity development activities to clearly link them to the priority WRM matters identified by the Government.

Introduction of (IRDP-AF)

The Government of Afghanistan (GoA) through the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) is implementing the Irrigation Restoration and Development Project (IRDP) with assistance from the World Bank (WB). The initial cost of IRDP was 148.7 million USD. The project became effective on June 15, 2011, and the current closing date is December 31, 2017. Due to its successful implementation, World Bank and ARTF decided that IRDP will be restructured with the additional financing of US$70 million in June 2016 with an extension of the closing date to December 31, 2019. Accordingly, the IRDP is nationwide large project across the entire country of Afghanistan and implementing through Project Coordination Unit (PCU) with the Technical Assistant of FAO.

Ministry of Energy and Water
Irrigation Restoration & Development Project (IRDP-AFG)